Justice delayed may mean justice is denied.
Silberstein v Silberstein Awad & Miklos, P.C. , 2019 NY Slip Op 04438, Decided on June 5, 2019, Appellate Division, Second Department:
“CPLR 1021 requires a motion for substitution to be made within a reasonable time. The determination of reasonableness requires consideration of several factors, including the diligence of the party seeking substitution, prejudice to the other parties, and whether the party to be substituted has shown that the action or the defense has merit (see Suciu v City of New York, 239 AD2d 338; Mansfield Contr. Corp. v Prassas, 183 AD2d 878).
Here, we disagree with the Supreme Court’s determination permitting the substitution of Ivy Silberstein as the plaintiff in this action. The action was commenced in April 2004 and was based, in part, upon a loan made by the plaintiff to the defendants prior to 1997. The plaintiff died on February 20, 2005. In February and March 2013, within the deceased plaintiff’s estate proceeding, a stipulation was executed allowing Ivy Silberstein to be substituted as the plaintiff in this action. On September 23, 2014, Ivy Silberstein was granted limited letters of administration solely for the prosecution of this action. However, it was not until April 2017 that she moved to be substituted as the plaintiff in the action. Ivy Siberstein’s submissions in support of her motion failed to provide any explanation for the long delay in her receiving the letters of administration, or a reasonable excuse for the unreasonably long delay in seeking a substitution, even after the letters of administration were issued. Moreover, she failed to provide an affidavit of merit (see Howlader v Lucky Star Grocery, Inc., 153 AD3d 610; Suciu v City of New York, 239 AD2d 338; Mansfield Contr. Corp. v Prassas, 183 AD2d 878). Contrary to her contention, we find that the defendants [*2]would be prejudiced if the substitution were permitted.
Accordingly, the Supreme Court should have denied Ivy Silberstein’s motion to be substituted as the plaintiff, and should have granted the defendants’ cross motion pursuant to CPLR 1021 to dismiss the complaint (see Giroux v Dunlop Tire Corp., 16 AD3d 1068; Suciu v City of New York, 239 AD2d 338; Mansfield Contr. Corp. v Prassas, 183 AD2d 878).”