Recently, the United States Department of Justice announced that Daryl Brown, a serial non-filer, plead guilty to evading his taxes.

Per the press
release
:

According to court documents and
statements made in court, from 2009 through 2016, Daryl Brown received taxable
income, but did not file tax returns reporting his income or pay the taxes he
owed.  To evade his taxes, Brown opened
bank accounts and lines of credit in nominee names and used credit and debit
cards from those accounts to pay for personal expenses.  He also bought money orders with cash,
directed others to buy money orders for him, and structured his purchase of
money orders–sometimes from several locations on the same day–to avoid
triggering reporting requirements that would have flagged his activity to the
Internal Revenue Service (IRS).  Brown’s
conduct caused a tax loss of more than $250,000 to the IRS.

U.S. District Judge Timothy
Black scheduled sentencing for Aug. 5, 2020. 
At sentencing, Brown faces a maximum sentence of five years in
prison.  He also faces a period of supervised
release and monetary penalties. As part of his plea agreement, Brown will pay
restitution to the United States.

The Tax Division’s Criminal Tax
Manual
, states that tax evasions is charged under 26 U.S.C. § 7201. The
elements for a charge are listed below:

  1. An affirmative act constituting an attempt to evade or defeat a tax or the payment thereof. Sansone v. United States, 380 U.S. 343, 351 (1965); Spies v. United States, 317 U.S. 492, 497-99 (1943).
  2. An additional tax due and owing. Boulware v. United States, 552 U.S. 421, 424 (2008); Sansone v. United States, 380 U.S. 343, 351 (1965); Lawn v. United States, 355 U.S. 339, 361 (1958).
  3. Willfulness. Cheek v. United States, 498 U.S. 192, 193 (1991); United States v. Pomponio, 429 U.S. 10, 12 (1976); United States v. Bishop, 412 U.S. 346, 358-59 (1973); Sansone v. United States, 380 U.S. 343, 351 (1965); Holland v. United States, 348 U.S. 121, 124, 139 (1954).

USSG 2T4.1, the “Tax Table” provides that
tax loss of more than $250,000, before considering other relevant factors or
characteristics, falls under Offense Level 18 since it is more than $250,000
and less than $550,000. Without a prior criminal history (Criminal History
Category I), the Sentencing
Table
in the United States Sentencing Guidelines provides for a sentence
range between 27 and 33 months Offense Level 18.

All persons who are merely charged with crimes are presumed innocent until proven guilty. Furthermore, sentences can vary depending on several factors which vary from person to person. This blog post does not implicitly or explicitly suggest there is basis to the prosecuting agency’s allegations or take any position on the strengths or weaknesses of the government’s positions.

Posted on 03/16/2020 by Benjamin Tu.

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