As detailed in this press relase from Senator Cory Booker’s office, “U.S. Senators Cory Booker (D-NJ) and Dick Durbin (D-IL), both members of the Senate Judiciary Committee, announced legislation that will finally eliminate the federal crack and powder cocaine sentencing disparity and apply it retroactively to those already convicted or sentenced.” Here is more:
After the passage of the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, sentencing for crack and powder cocaine offenses vastly differed. For instance, until 2010, someone caught distributing 5 grams of crack cocaine served the same 5-year prison sentence as someone caught distributing 500 grams of powder cocaine. Over the years, this 100:1 sentencing disparity has been widely criticized as lacking scientific justification. Furthermore, the crack and powder cocaine sentencing disparity has disproportionately impacted people of color.
The Fair Sentencing Act, introduced by Senator Durbin, passed in 2010 during the Obama administration and reduced the sentencing disparity from 100:1 to 18:1…. The Eliminating a Quantifiably Unjust Application of the Law (EQUAL) Act would eliminate the crack and powder cocaine sentencing disparity and ensure that those who were convicted or sentenced for a federal offense involving cocaine can receive a re-sentencing under the new law.
And FAMM has this press release highlighting advocates support for this effort to remedy a long-standing and ugly federal sentencing injustice. Here are excerpts:
FAMM and Prison Fellowship have teamed up to launch the #EndTheDisparity Campaign to urge Congress to eliminate the disparity between crack and powder cocaine-related sentences. Both organizations are circulating petitions and are planning a series of activities to build public support for reform.
“We have been fighting to repeal unjust sentencing laws for 30 years, and we’ve seen no greater injustice than the crack-powder disparity,” said FAMM President Kevin Ring. “We were glad Congress reduced the disparity in 2010, but it’s time to finish the job. We must remove this racially discriminatory scheme from the criminal code.”
In 2010, an overwhelming bipartisan majority in Congress passed and President Barack Obama signed the Fair Sentencing Act, which reduced the crack-powder disparity from 100:1 to 18:1. Lawmakers acknowledged that the arguments for the original disparity had been proven incorrect; crack cocaine is no more addictive than powder and is not more likely to cause violent crime.
“The unequal treatment of crack and powder cocaine offenses is among the most glaring examples of racial discrimination in the criminal justice system,” said Heather Rice-Minus, Senior Vice President of Advocacy and Church Mobilization for Prison Fellowship. “There is no sound scientific reason to punish powder and cocaine offenses differently and more importantly, there is a moral imperative to repent from this injustice.”
Uncontroverted was the fact that lengthy mandatory minimum prison terms for crack offenses disproportionately harmed Black people. Crack usage rates did not differ greatly between white and Black Americans, but more than 80% of federal crack convictions involved Black defendants.
While the Fair Sentencing Act greatly reduced the number of people subject to the mandatory minimum sentences for crack, Black people still make up more than 80 percent of federal crack convictions….
For more information and background on the disparity and campaign see the resources below:
- Ending the Disparity between Crack & Powder Cocaine Sentencing
- The Justice Chronicles: Racial Inequity (Video featuring Matthew Charles)