Fraud on the court is not really “fraud” as it is generally used. Pritsker v Zamansky LLC 2021 NY Slip Op 05678 Decided on October 19, 2021
Appellate Division, First Department discusses a selective quote and whether it was fraud on the court.
“As the basis for seeking vacatur of the November 2018 order, plaintiff postulates that defendants engaged in a fraud on the court. Plaintiff asserts that defendants submitted a deceptively elided quotation from the underlying arbitral decision, which was intended to suggest that plaintiff himself was responsible for the unsuccessful investment at issue, rather than the investment firm he commenced the arbitration against. The purpose of this, he contends, was to immunize defendants from liability, since plaintiff could not prevail against them for legal malpractice if there was no meritorious claim to pursue in the first place.
Plaintiff’s fraud theory is not viable. Notably, plaintiff admits that, in addition to the selectively edited quotation, defendants submitted the entire arbitration decision as an exhibit. Nor does plaintiff claim that defendants’ quotation was literally misquoted or otherwise inaccurate. These facts cut sharply against plaintiff’s theory. Defendants accurately noted that they were selectively quoting from a larger document, and then attached the entire source document for the court’s reference and verification. Defendants gave their opinion of the import of the quoted language. Again, however, defendants also submitted the entire document to the court, so that it might shape its own view of the arbitral decision. We see here only advocacy by defendants, not fraud. Since plaintiff has not met his burden of showing fraud, he has not shown any entitlement to relief under CPLR 5015(a)(3) either (see Molina v Chladek, 140 AD3d 523, 524 [1st Dept 2016]; Miller v Lanzisera, 273 AD2d 866, 868 [4th Dept 2000]).”