The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA) has set out in a letter its initial risk management expectations for all regulated entities that engage in activities associated with crypto-assets, and a policy roadmap for the period ahead.
APRA expects that all regulated entities will adopt a prudent approach if they are undertaking activities associated with crypto-assets, and ensure that any risks are well understood and well managed before launching material new initiatives.
In particular, APRA expects that all regulated entities will:
- Conduct appropriate due diligence and a comprehensive risk assessment before engaging in activities associated with crypto-assets, and ensure that they understand, and have actions in place to mitigate, any risks that they may be taking on in doing so;
- Consider the principles and requirements of Prudential Standard CPS 231 Outsourcing or Prudential Standard SPS 231 Outsourcing when relying on a third party in conducting activities involving crypto-assets; and
- Apply robust risk management controls, with clear accountabilities and relevant reporting to the Board on the key risks associated with new ventures.
The letter includes a high-level summary of the potential prudential risks to be considered for the following specific activities:
- Investments in crypto assets
- Lending activities linked with crypto assets
- Crypto assets issuance
- Services on crypto assets for customers
- Partnering with technology and other companies.
APRA says entities also need to ensure they comply with all conduct and disclosure regulation administered by ASIC. This will require robust conduct risk management and consideration of distribution practices and product design, as well as consideration of disclosure.
ASIC has provided specific guidance to help entities understand their existing obligations under the Corporations Act and ASIC Act in ASIC Information Sheet 225.
APRA plans to:
- consult on requirements for the prudential treatment of crypto-asset exposures in Australia for ADIs,
- release a draft prudential standard for consultation in mid-2022 on operational risk management which will be directly relevant to the management of operational risks associated with crypto-asset activities,
- consider possible approaches to the prudential regulation of payment stablecoins.
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Author: David Jacobson
Principal, Bright Corporate Law
About David Jacobson
The information contained in this article is not legal advice. It is not to be relied upon as a full statement of the law. You should seek professional advice for your specific needs and circumstances before acting or relying on any of the content.
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