Antitrust: DOJ Files Complaint, Proposed Consent Decree to Prohibit Koch Foods’ Contract Termination Penalty Fees
On November 9, 2023, the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) filed, in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois, a complaint alleging that poultry producer Koch Foods, Inc. “anticompetitively and unfairly required chicken farmers, or growers, to pay Koch a termination penalty to switch from working for Koch to a rival chicken processor.” United States v. Koch Foods, No. 1:23-cv-15813. Also announced by DOJ, the complaint states that “Koch’s termination penalty . . amounted to more than half of most growers’ total annual take-home income and sometimes more than one year’s entire take-home earnings.” Additionally, DOJ filed a proposed consent decree “that would prohibit Koch from penalizing growers for switching processors and require Koch to return certain expenses, fees and penalties it unlawfully imposed on growers.” If approved, the consent decree would prohibit Koch from including a termination penalty clause in grower contracts and require the company to reimburse producers for any penalty payments made or legal expenses incurred due to the policy; “inform all current growers with contracts containing a termination penalty provision that Koch will not enforce the provision;” and annually file certification of its compliance for seven years. According to the announcement, the proposed consent decree will be published in the Federal Register and open for public written comment for 60 days.

WOTUS: Twenty-Four States File Amended Complaint Challenging New WOTUS Rule
On November 13, 2023, twenty-four states filed, in the U.S. District Court for the District of North Dakota, an amended complaint seeking vacatur of the new “Waters of the United States” (WOTUS) final rule, issued September 2023. West Virginia v. EPA, No. 3:23-cv-00032. The amended complaint argues that the final rule interprets WOTUS too broadly under the Clean Water Act, is arbitrary and capricious, was “promulgated . . . in violation of multiple procedural obligations,” and violates “the Commerce Clause, Due Process Clause, and the Tenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.” Additionally, the North Dakota and Cass County Farm Bureaus filed an amended intervenor complaint seeking declaratory judgment and remand of the rule. Concurrently, Texas and Idaho, along with several agricultural advocacy groups, filed a second amended complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas also seeking declaratory judgment and remand of the final WOTUS rule. Texas v. EPA, No. 3:23-cv-00017. Texas’s amended complaint shares identical language with the complaint submitted by the farm groups’ West Virginia amended complaint. For background, see the Center’s Waters of the United States Agricultural Issue Tracker

Agricultural Labor: Business Groups File Lawsuit Challenging Joint Employer Rule
On November 9, 2023, twelve business advocacy groups filed, in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Texas, a complaint requesting the court enjoin the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) from enforcing its new joint employer final rule (88 FR 73946), issued October 27, 2023 and effective December 26, 2023. The groups allege that the final rule “displaces widely accepted common-law standards governing the scope of employment relationships, establishes entirely new tests of employer liability, reconfigures relationships among legally separate entities, erases distinctions between contractors and employers, and threatens billions of dollars in liability and costs.” The complaint argues that the final rule is “arbitrary and capricious” and “transgresses the [National Labor Relations Act] and is otherwise unlawful under the Administrative Procedure Act.” See also ALWR—Nov. 6, 2023, “National Labor Relations Board Publishes Final Rule for New Joint Employer Status Test.”

Food Safety: USDA Denies Petition Requesting Use of Surplus Broiler Eggs in Egg Products
On November 3, 2023, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) published a letter denying a May 2018 petition, submitted by the National Chicken Council (NCC), which requested that the agency “coordinate with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to exercise enforcement discretion to allow surplus broiler eggs to be processed into egg products under FSIS jurisdiction” by exempting them from regulatory refrigeration requirements “and instead rely[ing] on FSIS’ egg products regulations to control for Salmonella.” (Petition No. 18-06). According to FSIS’ letter, FSIS is authorized to regulate egg products under the Egg Products Inspection Act, which instructs the agency to “maintain an inspection program designed to assure consumers that egg products are safe, wholesome, not adulterated, and properly labeled,” while FDA maintains broader authority to regulate shell eggs under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). FSIS stated, “Because of this, FSIS must defer to FDA in requests regarding the use of shell eggs,” and denied NCC’s petition “in light of FDA’s June 12, 2023, letter denying [the] request because [FDA] determined that [the] requested action would not maintain the same level of public health protection as FDA’s egg safety rule.” See also ALWR—Feb. 20, 2023, “National Chicken Council Petitions FDA to Allow Sale of Surplus Eggs to Lower Egg Prices.”

National Agricultural Policy: USDA Seeks Comment on ‘Specialty Crops Competitiveness Initiative’
On November 9, 2023, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) published in the Federal Register a notice (88 FR 77257) seeking public comment and information on the agency’s Specialty Crops Competitiveness Initiative. According to the notice, the agency seeks information “on how USDA may better administratively support” the U.S. specialty crop industry across domestic and international markets. AMS is accepting public comments on the initiative until March 8, 2024. Additionally, USDA also announced that the agency had “conducted a departmentwide review of its current services and programs that support the specialty crops industry and compiled the information into a Specialty Crops Resource Directory.”

Avian Influenza: HPAI Outbreaks Confirmed in Missouri, North Dakota, and Oregon
As of November 16, 2023, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service’s (APHIS) HPAI Confirmed Detections database reflected confirmed detections of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in commercial flocks in Missouri, North Dakota, and Oregon, in addition to the previous—and additional—detections in Alabama, Arkansas, California, Iowa, Minnesota, South Dakota, and Utah. According to the database, HPAI has been detected in

  • Benton County, Missouri—commercial broiler breeder flocks (16,600 birds affected);
  • Jasper County, Missouri—commercial turkey flocks (29,300 birds affected);
  • Lamoure County, North Dakota—commercial turkey flocks (25,200 birds affected); and
  • Marion County, Oregon—commercial broiler flocks (123,500 birds affected).

Dairy Policy: Federal Milk Marketing Order Hearing to Reconvene November 27, 2023
On November 6, 2023, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Agricultural Marketing Service published in the Federal Register a proposed rule (88 FR 76143) announcing that the Federal Milk Marketing Order Pricing Formula Hearing will reconvene at 1:00 p.m. ET on Monday, November 27, 2023, in Carmel, Indiana.

See ALWR—Oct. 23, 2023, “Federal Milk Marketing Hearing Paused Until November 27, 2023.”

Conservation Programs: USDA Increases Conservation Stewardship Minimum Payment to $4,000
On November 7, 2023, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) announced that the agency will increase the Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) minimum annual payments from $1,500 to $4,000, beginning in the 2024 fiscal year. According to the announcement, “the new minimum payment is available for new and renewed CSP contracts.” In Pennsylvania, applications for the first CSP funding round will be accepted until January 1, 2024.

National Agricultural Policy: USDA Awards $1.2 Billion in Loans and Grants for 112 Rural Cooperative Projects
On November 9, 2023, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Rural Development announced the distribution of $1.2 billion in loans and grants for 112 projects led by rural cooperatives. The following organizations received funds for projects in Pennsylvania:

  • MDVA Milk Producers Coop Association Inc. ($40 million): Funds “will be used to help purchase and equip the HP Hood milk processing facility in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The facility will help the Maryland and Virginia Milk Producers Cooperative Association (MDVA) increase from 10,000,000 to 25,000,000 gallons annually. The product mix includes white milk, flavored milk, eggnog, creams, lactose-free milk, and high-protein milk.”
  • Keystone Development Center ($200,000): Funds “will be used to support Keystone Development Center’s (KDC) mission to improve the economic condition and quality of life of rural communities . . . in Pennsylvania, Delaware, New Jersey and Maryland . . . . KDC will host the Cooperative Academy and support the development of at least 17 cooperative projects.”
  • Keystone Development Center ($175,000): Funds “will be used to . . . work in collaboration with a grass-fed lamb producer cooperative led by female ranchers in rural Maryland, an all-women owned dance studio cooperative in Meadville, Pennsylvania, and the Rappahannock Tribe in Virginia to establish a producer cooperative that will create wellness products and organic produce on Tribal-owned land.”

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Making Laws Work for You, Part 2: Right to Farm, ACRE, and the Agritourism Activity Protection Act

  • Mon. Dec. 11, 2023, noon–1:30pm (ET). Virtual. Staff attorney Brook Duer will present with the Small Business Development Center.

Understanding Agricultural Law Series. A free monthly Zoom webinar series for agricultural and rural business advisors. One hour of substantive CLE credit available for Pennsylvania-licensed attorneys at no charge. All events on Fridays, noon–1 pm (ET). Upcoming:


Agricultural Law Podcast

251. DOJ Sues Agri-Stats Directly for Collusion in Protein Sector (Nov. 20, 2023).

250. Beef and Pork Processing Plant Nationwide Wage-Fixing Class Action Suit Survives Motions to Dismiss (Nov. 14, 2023)

249. U.S. Supreme Court Declines to Hear Case Permitting FLSA Overtime Claim of H-2A Worker (Nov. 9, 2023)

Farmland Legal Energy Podcast

160. Methane Production From Manure (Oct. 31, 2023)

159. An Introduction to Hydrogen and Agriculture (Oct. 10, 2023)

158. An Introduction to Anaerobic Digestion (Sept. 26, 2023)

Resources of Interest:

Southern Ag Today, Do We Have Enough DEA-Registered Labs to Implement Hemp Program?, Paul Goeringer (Nov. 10, 2023)

Nat’l Agric. Law Ctr., Eighth Circuit Ruling Revives Foods Uses for Chlorpyrifos, Brigit Rollins (Nov. 9, 2023)

Ohio St. Univ. Ext. Farm Off. Blog, New Law Limits Who Can Own Agricultural Land in Ohio, Peggy Hall (Nov. 9, 2023)

Ohio St. Univ. Ext. Farm Off. Blog, New Publication Discusses Wills and Trusts, Robert Moore (Nov. 7, 2023)

Nat’l Agric. Law Ctr., Update on Right-to-Repair, Harrison M. Pittman (Nov. 7, 2023)

Southern Ag Today, Understanding Basis When Managing Feeder Cattle Price Risk, William Secor (Nov. 7, 2023)

Tex. A&M Agric. Law Blog, New Fact Sheets, Tiffany Dowell Lashmet (Nov. 6, 2023)




Biden-Harris Administration Agencies Sign Interagency Agreement to Address Wildfire Risk and Protect Communities from Smoke (Nov. 9, 2023)

Biden-Harris Administration Invests More Than $1.2 Billion in Rural Cooperatives to Increase Economic Opportunity and Advance Equity in Rural America (Nov. 9, 2023)

USDA Launches Initiative to Enhance Competitiveness of the U.S. Specialty Crops Industry (Nov. 9, 2023)

USDA Announces Progress to Further Competition in Agriculture, Level Playing Field for Farmers (Nov. 8, 2023)

At White House Tribal Youth Summit, USDA Announces New Resources to Empower Native American Young People (Nov. 6, 2023)


EPA Awards Nearly $1.2M to Three California Small Businesses to Research Environmental Issues and Help Grow the Green Economy (Nov. 9, 2023)

EPA Fines St. Louis Scrap Metal Facility for Alleged Clean Water Act Violations (Nov. 9, 2023)

EPA Reaches Settlement with the Kukuiolono Park Trust Estate to Protect Water Resources from Cesspools (Nov. 9, 2023)

EPA Region 7 Presents $4M Check to City of Iowa City, After Selection for Solid Waste Infrastructure for Recycling Grant (Nov. 8, 2023)

EPA Awards Nearly $3.2M to Small Businesses to Research Complex Environmental Issues and Help Grow the Green Economy (Nov. 8, 2023)

EPA takes action against Connecticut company for Clean Water Act violations (Nov. 7, 2023)


Economic Research Service (ERS)

WASDE Report (Nov. 9, 2023)

Agricultural Baseline Database (Nov. 7, 2023)

Climate Change (Nov. 6, 2023)

Farm Service Agency

2023 Farm Service Agency County Committee Elections Open This Week (Nov. 6, 2023)

Food Safety and Inspection Service

Constituent Update – November 9, 2023 (Nov. 9, 2023)

National Agricultural Statistics Service

USDA’s NASS and ERS attending National Association of Farm Broadcasting’s 2023 Trade Talk (Nov. 9, 2023)

National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA)

Mississippi State University Film Ignites Farm Stress Conversation (Nov. 9, 2023)

NIFA Invests Nearly $2M to Support Rural Women and Minorities in STEM (Nov. 8, 2023)

NIFA Invests $4.7M in Scientific Equipment and Instruments (Nov. 8, 2023)

NIFA Invests Nearly $2M to Support Food and Ag Service Learning Programs (Nov. 8, 2023

Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS)

USDA-NRCS State Technical Committee virtual meeting set for Dec. 7 (Nov. 8, 2023)

Indiana NRCS Accepting Applications to Improve Wildlife Habitat for At-Risk Bird Species (Nov. 8, 2023)

Rosebud Sioux Tribal Ranch Awarded for Excellence in Cooperative Conservation (Nov. 8, 2023)

Maine Receives $8.3 Million as Part of Unprecedented USDA Regional Conservation Partnership Program funding (Nov. 8, 2023)

Indiana NRCS Accepting Applications to Improve Water Quality in Big Pine Watershed (Nov. 7, 2023)

USDA Increases Minimum Annual Payment for Conservation Stewardship Program (Nov. 7, 2023)

NRCS in N.H. Announces Signup Date for Fiscal Year 2024 Under EQIP ACT Now Authority (Nov. 6, 2023)

NRCS Oregon Awards Three New RCPP Projects to Receive $17.2M as Part of Unprecedented $1 Billion National Investment (Nov. 6, 2023)

USDA Increases Minimum Annual Payment for Conservation Stewardship Program (Nov. 6, 2023)

Funding available to Western Lake Erie Basin farmers to improve water quality (Nov. 6, 2023)

Rural Development

Biden-Harris Administration Invests More Than $1.2 Billion in Rural Cooperatives to Increase Economic Opportunity and Advance Equity in Rural America (Nov. 9, 2023)

FEDERAL EXECUTIVE AGENCIES (Federal Register Nov. 6–9, 2023):   

Agriculture Department

88 FR 77258 Notice: “Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; Reinstatement [Agricultural Marketing Service: Federal Seed Act Program]” (Nov. 9, 2023)

88 FR 77258 Notice: “Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request [Rural Housing Service: Rural Rental Housing Program]” (Nov. 9, 2023)

88 FR 77072 Notice: “Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request [Farm Service Agency: Emergency Conservation Program and Biomass Crop Assistance Program]” (Nov. 8, 2023)

88 FR 76720 Notice: “Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request [National Appeals Division: National Appeals Division Customer Service Survey]” (Nov. 7, 2023)

88 FR 76719 Notice: “Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request [Agricultural Marketing Service: National Science Laboratories]” (Nov. 7, 2023)

88 FR 76164 Notice: “Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request [National Agricultural Statistics Service: Agricultural Prices]” (Nov. 6, 2023)

Agricultural Marketing Service

88 FR 77257 Notice—Comment Period: “Request for Information Specialty Crops Competitiveness Initiative” (Nov. 9, 2023)

88 FR 76097 Rule: “Beef Promotion and Research Order; Reapportionment and Technical Amendment” (Nov. 6, 2023)

88 FR 76143 Proposed Rule: “Milk in the Northeast and Other Marketing Areas; Notice of Hearing on Proposed Amendments to Marketing Agreements and Orders” (Nov. 6, 2023)

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

88 FR 77259 Notice—Comment Period: “Spotted Lanternfly Cooperative Control Program; Availability of a Programmatic Environmental Assessment” (Nov. 9, 2023)

Environmental Protection Agency

88 FR 77208 Rule: “Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; New York; Elements of the 2008 and 2015 Ozone National Air Quality Standards” (Nov. 9, 2023)

88 FR 77312 Notice—Comment Period: “Notice of Meeting of the EPA Children’s Health Protection Advisory Committee (CHPAC)” (Nov. 9, 2023)

88 FR 77310 Notice: “Notice of Approval Status; Certifying Authorities’ Amended Plans for Certification of Commercial and Private Applicators of Restricted Use Pesticides; Batch Four” (Nov. 9, 2023)

88 FR 77310 Notice—Comment Period: “Availability of the Protocol for the Nitrate and Nitrite IRIS Assessment (Oral)” (Nov. 9, 2023)

88 FR 77090 Notice—Comment Period: “Clean Air Act Advisory Committee (CAAAC): Notice of Meeting” (Nov. 8, 2023)

88 FR 77088 Notice—Comment Period: “Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records” (Nov. 8, 2023)

88 FR 77067 Proposed Rule—Comment Period: “Privacy Act Regulations for EPA-100” (Nov. 8, 2023)

88 FR 77004 Rule: “Locomotives and Locomotive Engines; Preemption of State and Local Regulations” (Nov. 8, 2023)

88 FR 76999 Rule—Comment Period: “Privacy Act Regulations for EPA-100” (Nov. 8, 2023)

88 FR 76676 Rule: “Air Plan Approval and Disapproval; Colorado; Serious Attainment Plan Elements and Related Revisions for the 2008 8-Hour Ozone Standard for the Denver Metro/North Front Range Nonattainment Area” (Nov. 7, 2023)

88 FR 76212 Notice: “Ambient Air Monitoring Reference and Equivalent Methods; Designation of Two New Equivalent Methods” (Nov. 6, 2023)

88 FR 76211 Notice: “Announcing Upcoming Meeting of Mobile Sources Technical Review Subcommittee” (Nov. 6, 2023)

88 FR 76139 Rule: “Approval of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Vehicle Miles Traveled Emissions Offset Demonstrations for the 2015 Ozone Standards; California” (Nov. 6, 2023)

88 FR 76137 Rule: “Air Plan Approval; FL; Miscellaneous SIP Revision” (Nov. 6, 2023)

Farm Service Agency

88 FR 76164 Notice—Comment Period: “Information Collection Request; Urban Agriculture Cooperative Agreement” (Nov. 6, 2023)

Food and Safety Inspection Service

88 FR 76720 Notice—Comment Period: “Notice of Request for Renewal of an Approved Information Collection: Generic Clearance for the Collection of Qualitative Feedback on Agency Service Delivery” (Nov. 7, 2023)

Food and Nutrition Service

88 FR 77072 Notice: “The Emergency Food Assistance Program; Availability of Foods for Fiscal Year 2024” (Nov. 8, 2023)

Forest Service

88 FR 77074 Notice: “Directive Publication Notice” (Nov. 8, 2023)

88 FR 76671 Rule: “Prohibitions in Region 8, Southern Region” (Nov. 7, 2023)

U.S. Codex Office

88 FR 77260 Notice: “Codex Alimentarius Commission: Meeting of the Codex Committee on Spices and Culinary Herbs” (Nov. 9, 2023)


H.R.6342 “To promote and enhance outdoor recreation opportunities for members of the Armed Forces and veterans on Federal recreational lands and waters.” Referred to the Committee on Natural Resources, and in addition to the Committees on Agriculture. (Nov. 9, 2023)

H.R.6334 “To authorize the Secretary of Agriculture to relocate a memorial honoring the 9 Air Force crew members who lost their lives in an airplane crash in the Cherokee and Nantahala National Forests during a training mission on August 31, 1982.” Referred to the House Committee on Agriculture. (Nov. 9, 2023)

H.R.6299 “To require origin and location disclosure for new products of foreign origin offered for sale on the internet.” Referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committees on Agriculture. (Nov. 8, 2023)

H.R.6292 “To amend the National Agricultural Research, Extension, and Teaching Policy Act of 1977 to extend grants and fellowships for food and agricultural sciences education.” Referred to the House Committee on Agriculture. (Nov. 8, 2023)

H.J.Res.96 “Compact of Free Association Amendments Act of 2023” Ordered to be Reported by Unanimous Consent. (Nov 8, 2023)

H.R.6280 “To authorize additional appropriations for certain U.S. Customs and Border Protection operations, and for other purposes.” Referred to the Committee on Homeland Security, and in addition to the Committees on Agriculture. (Nov. 7, 2023)

H.R.6272 “To amend the Food and Nutrition Act of 2008 with respect to the issuance of quality control guidance issued by the Secretary of Agriculture.” Referred to the House Committee on Agriculture. (Nov. 7, 2023)

H.R.6271 “To amend certain agricultural laws with respect to the definition of biofuels and sustainable aviation fuel, and for other purposes.” Referred to the House Committee on Agriculture. (Nov. 7, 2023)

H.R.6232 “To establish an interagency committee on soil carbon sequestration research, and for other purposes.” Referred to the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, and in addition to the Committees on Agriculture, and Natural Resources, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned. (Nov. 6, 2023)


S.3270 “A bill to amend the Federal Crop Insurance Reform and Department of Agriculture Reorganization Act of 1994 to establish a budgetary Tribal Government consultation process at the Department of Agriculture, and for other purposes.” Read twice and referred to the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry. (Nov. 9, 2023)



Shapiro Administration Tours Skyline Pastures Farm, Highlighting PA Investments In Success Of Military Veteran Farmers (Nov. 8, 2023)

PENNSYLVANIA EXECUTIVE AGENCIES (Pa. Bulletin Vol. 53, No. 45—Nov. 11, 2023): 

Department of Environmental Protection

53 Pa.B. 7088 Notice: “Federal Consistency under the Coastal Zone Management Act; PhilaPort—Packer Avenue Marine Terminal Maintenance Dredging”

53 Pa.B. 7087 Notice: “Federal Consistency under the Coastal Zone Management Act; Jon Gerbracht—Forest Park Pathway and Seawall Project”

53 Pa.B. 7087 Notice: “Availability of Water Quality Management General Permit for Small Flow Treatment Facilities (WQG-01)”

53 Pa.B. 7086 Notice: “Availability of National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System General Permit for Discharges from Small Flow Treatment Facilities (PAG-04)”

53 Pa.B. 7086 Notice: “Availability and Rescission of Technical Guidance”

53 Pa.B. 7026 Notice: “Applications For National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permits And Water Quality Management (WQM) Permits Under The Clean Streams Law And Federal Clean Water Act”

Environmental Quality Board

53 Pa.B. 6998 Rule: “Administration of the Land Recycling Program Vanadium MSC Rule”

Fish and Boat Commission

53 Pa.B. 7101 Notice: “Special Regulation Designation [58 Pa. Code § 65.14. Catch and release fly-fishing only]”

53 Pa.B. 7103 Notice: “Classification of Wild Trout Streams; Additions; October 2023”

53 Pa.B. 7101 Notice: “Additions to List of Class A Wild Trout Waters; October 2023”

Game Commission

53 Pa.B. 7022 Proposed Rule: “Lands and Buildings; General Provisions [To amend § 135.2 (relating to unlawful actions) to prohibit a person from using or possessing a controlled substance or drug paraphernalia on Hunter Access Program (HAP) properties]”


SB 152 “An Act repealing the act of September 1, 1965 (P.L.420, No.215), known as The Frozen Dessert Law.” Act No. 27 of 2023. (Nov. 6, 2023)

SB 979 “An Act amending Title 3 (Agriculture) of the Pennsylvania Consolidated Statutes, in domestic animals, providing for posted notice with information on dangerous transmissible diseases.” Referred to AGRICULTURE AND RURAL AFFAIRS. (Nov. 6, 2023)

HB 1170 “An Act amending the act of April 28, 1937 (P.L.417, No.105), known as the Milk Marketing Law, further providing for title of act; in purpose, short title and definitions, further providing for definitions and construction; in organization of the board, further providing for appointment and terms of members and quorum; in licenses of milk dealers, further providing for grounds for refusal, suspension or revocation; in moneys and expenses of board, further providing for expenses and for payment; and, in saving provisions, repealing provisions relating to Joint Study Committee.” Act No. 25 of 2023. (Nov. 6, 2023)


Victoria Dutterer—Research Assistant
Avery McLean—Research Assistant
Lonzie Helms—Research Assistant
Audry Thompson—Staff Attorney