Editor’s Note: This report highlights the ongoing conflict in northern Kharkiv Oblast, where Ukrainian forces are mounting significant resistance against Russian operations. The detailed analysis underscores the tactical maneuvers, strategic missteps, and the broader geopolitical implications involving Russia’s cooperation with North Korea. The humanitarian impact of strikes on Kharkiv City and the complexities of electronic warfare add further depth to this evolving situation. As the conflict progresses, the resilience of Ukrainian forces and the international ramifications continue to shape the narrative of this war.

Source Note: One of the most accurate and detailed sources for ongoing updates on the Ukraine crisis is the Russian Offensive Campaign Assessment from the Institute for the Study of War. The Institute for the Study of War (ISW) is a 501(c)(3) organization and produces strictly non-partisan, non-ideological, fact-based research. ISW seeks to promote an informed understanding of war and military affairs through comprehensive, independent, and accessible open-source research and analysis. ISW’s research is made available to the general public, military practitioners, policymakers, and media members. Providing a daily synthesis of key events related to the Russian aggression against Ukraine, ISW updates may benefit investigators and litigators as they follow the business, information technology, and legal trends and trajectories impacted by and stemming from the current Russo-Ukrainian conflict.

For those seeking to grasp the full scope of this evolving landscape, the complete updates from the Institute for the Study of War serve as an invaluable resource.

Background Note: ComplexDiscovery’s staff offers distinctive perspectives on the Russo-Ukrainian war and Iran-Israel conflict, informed by military experience on the West German, East German, and Czechoslovakian border during the Cold War and in Sinai as part of Camp David Accord compliance activities. This firsthand regional knowledge, combined with proficiency in cybersecurity, information governance, and eDiscovery, enables multifaceted analysis of these conflicts, including the critical impact of cyber warfare, disinformation, and digital forensics on modern military engagements. This unique background positions ComplexDiscovery to provide valuable insights for conflict-related investigations and litigation, where understanding the interplay of technology, data, and geopolitical factors is crucial.


Russo-Ukrainian Conflict Update*

Ukraine Pushes Back: Tactical Battles in Northern Kharkiv and the Geopolitical Chessboard

ComplexDiscovery Staff

The battlefront in northern Kharkiv Oblast has become a focal point of fierce contention between Ukrainian and Russian forces. As Ukrainian troops increasingly contest the tactical initiative, Russian operations in the region have largely transitioned to defensive postures, according to sources from both sides.

On May 24, the Ukrainian General Staff reported significant advances, pushing Russian forces back from Ukrainian defensive positions. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky announced that Ukrainian troops had established “combat control” over a critical border area initially breached by Russian forces in early May. A Ukrainian commander in the Lyptsi direction, north of Kharkiv City, confirmed that Ukrainian forces had halted Russian offensives in the Strilecha-Hlyboke area and were now focused on reclaiming lost territory. Despite these gains, the commander noted that Russian forces were heavily saturating the area with manpower and equipment to prevent Ukrainian forces from seizing the tactical initiative fully.

A prominent Kremlin-affiliated milblogger corroborated these claims, stating that Russian forces had partially shifted to a defensive stance after consolidating their captured positions. The milblogger suggested that Ukrainian forces might need to launch counterattacks by the end of May to expel Russian forces from northern Kharkiv Oblast.

Russian forces had initiated their offensive with limited manpower and have yet to deploy significant reserves, resulting in a decreasing tempo of advances and creating tactical opportunities for Ukrainian counterattacks.

Building Strength Before Intensification

The apparent reluctance of the Russian military to commit reserves indicates an effort to strengthen the Northern Grouping of Forces to its planned strength of 50,000 to 70,000 personnel before escalating offensive operations. At the start of the offensive on May 10, Russian forces numbered approximately 35,000 in the international border area. The premature commencement of the offensive likely aimed to establish a foothold before the resumption of US military aid could bolster Ukrainian defenses.

Ukrainian sources identified elements of the 11th Army Corps, 44th Army Corps, and 6th Combined Arms Army as key components of the Northern Grouping. These units have reportedly suffered significant casualties, yet substantial reserves have not been committed to sustain offensive momentum.

Diversified and Limited Forces

Russian forces in northern Kharkiv Oblast comprise limited elements from various force groupings across eastern Ukraine. Units from the 47th Tank Division, 2nd Motorized Rifle Division, and 98th Airborne Division are involved in operations near Vovchansk and other areas. This strategy highlights the possible “leasing” of units to the Northern Grouping without depleting forces engaged in other critical areas.

Premature Offensive: A Strategic Misstep

The premature launch of Russian offensive operations has seemingly undermined their success. Initial advances on May 10 caught Ukrainian defenses off guard, but the lack of significant Russian reserves limited deeper penetrations. Ukrainian forces have since established robust defensive positions, neutralizing the Russian tactical advantage.

The Ukrainian State Bureau of Investigation has initiated an inquiry into the preparation and abandonment of defenses in the Lyptsi and Vovchansk directions. Initial Russian gains were attributed to the insufficient defense preparations, allowing for a rapid advance. However, the limited manpower of Russian forces prevented further significant advances.

Kharkiv City: Target of Devastating Strikes

Russian forces continue to exploit their airspace sanctuary to conduct devastating strikes on Kharkiv City. On May 25, four distinct missile and glide bomb strikes targeted educational facilities, commercial centers, parks, and residential areas, resulting in significant casualties and extensive damage. President Zelensky emphasized the humanitarian impact, reporting numerous fatalities and injuries from these strikes.

Precision-guided munitions launched from secure Russian airspace suggest a strategy to depopulate Kharkiv City and demoralize its residents. Western prohibitions on using air defense systems against targets in Russian territory have contributed to the effectiveness of these strikes.

Electronic Warfare: A Technical Race

Russian electronic warfare (EW) capabilities have reportedly reduced the effectiveness of Western weapon systems in Ukraine, contributing to an ongoing technical race between the two nations. Reports indicate that the success rates of guided munitions, such as M982 Excalibur artillery shells and JDAM-ER guided bombs, have significantly dropped due to Russian EW measures. Despite adaptations, Russian EW capabilities continue to challenge Ukrainian operations.

Geopolitical Chessboard: Russia and North Korea

Russia is likely assisting North Korea in developing its defense industrial base in exchange for munitions supplies, raising global security concerns. US officials suggest that this cooperation could enhance North Korea’s nuclear capabilities and provoke military actions. Reports indicate that Russia may be providing nuclear submarine and ballistic missile technology to North Korea, with significant geopolitical implications.

Other Developments

In addition to the tactical and geopolitical updates, Russian forces have made confirmed advances near Donetsk City. Meanwhile, the Russian Ministry of Defense has canceled its annual “Army Games” for the second consecutive year, a decision celebrated by critical Russian ultranationalist milbloggers.

Conclusion and Considerations

The situation in northern Kharkiv Oblast underscores the fluid and contentious nature of the conflict. As Ukrainian forces press their counteroffensive and Russian forces regroup, the strategic landscape continues to evolve. The geopolitical ramifications, particularly involving North Korea, add another layer of complexity to this ongoing conflict. The world watches as these developments unfold, shaping the future of Ukraine and the broader international order.

News Sources


As a leading source for cybersecurity, information governance, and legal discovery insights, including international investigations and litigation, ComplexDiscovery OÜ recognizes the importance of awareness regarding alleged and documented criminal acts, particularly in the context of the Russia-Ukraine conflict. While we, following the lead of the Institute for the Study of War (ISW), do not provide detailed coverage of war crimes in our primary reports, we encourage professionals within the eDiscovery ecosystem to stay informed about these activities. This awareness is crucial for understanding potential future legal actions and responsibilities.


Detailed Reporting with Maps for May 25, 2024, from the ISW – Mouseover to Scroll

Ukraine CoT May 25, 2024

Review the Detailed Reporting and Maps PDF


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