Jill Mahoney

Latest Articles

As previously reported on this blog, in November 2018 FDA, in conjunction with the CDC, state officials, and Canadian food and public health officials, investigated an outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 infections in multiple US states and Canadian provinces. The investigation determined the cause of the outbreak was the consumption of contaminated romaine lettuce. Indeed, thirty (83%) of 36 ill consumers interviewed reported eating romaine lettuce the week before illness onset. All E. coli…
A New York federal court ordered a consumer class action against KIND LLC to move forward after a two-year stay. Consumers are suing KIND for allegedly mislabeling its snack products as both “non-GMO” and “all natural,” even though the products purportedly contain synthetic and genetically modified ingredients.  On September 15, 2016, U.S. District Judge William H. Pauley III stayed the “all natural” claims pending possible new FDA guidelines on use of the term.  At the…
City and state officials in New York, Ohio, and Maine have placed embargoes on food products containing cannabidiol (CBD).  The embargoes, which appear to have all begun in January, require restaurants and retailers to remove all CBD-containing food products from their shelves and prohibit their sale.  In all three jurisdictions, however, restaurants and retailers were allowed to keep the embargoed items. New York City’s Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOH) said in a statement
As previously reported on this blog, the Agriculture Improvement Act (also known as “the 2018 Farm Bill”) removed hemp from the Controlled Substances Act, which means it is no longer an illegal substance under federal law.  However, the 2018 Farm Bill does not affect FDA’s authority to regulate derivatives of cannabis (e.g., CBD) or other hemp products, or change the regulatory requirements for such materials in FDA-regulated products like food, dietary supplements, cosmetics, or…
As previously reported on this blog, the partial federal government shutdown stalled FDA’s ability to conduct routine inspections of domestic food facilities.  However, as of January 15, FDA resumed inspections of food facilities that produce high risk foods, such as cheeses, other dairy products, seafood, produce, and infant formula, which had been stopped as a result of the federal government shutdown.  These high risk foods account for about one-third of FDA’s 8,400 annual routine…
The Ninth Circuit upheld the dismissal of a proposed class action that alleged Almond Breeze almond milk is mislabeled and instead should be labeled as “imitation milk.”  Plaintiff Cynthia Painter focused on the nutritional differences between almond milk and 2% dairy milk and argued that the plant-based milk lacked the essential nutrients that are inherent in dairy milk, but are marketed as equally, if not more nutritious.  Indeed, Painter argued that Almond Breeze manufacturer, Blue…
The Agriculture Improvement Act (also known as “the 2018 Farm Bill”) was signed into law on December 20, 2018.  Among other things, the law changes certain federal authorities relating to the production and marketing of hemp, defined as cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.), and derivatives of cannabis (e.g., CBD) with extremely low (less than 0.3% on a dry weight basis) concentrations of THC.  The changes include removing hemp from the Controlled Substances Act, which means it…
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit held that a New York district court erred in ruling that labeling Kellogg’s Cheez-It crackers as “whole grain” was not misleading, despite the fact that the snacks were primarily made from enriched white flour.  Thus, the Second Circuit vacated the decision and remanded the case for further proceedings. In 2016, Kristen Mantikas and two co-plaintiffs filed a lawsuit against Cheez-It manufacturer Kellogg Co., alleging the…
On December 3, FDA issued an alert to pet owners and veterinary professionals about the recalls of several dry dog foods with potentially toxic levels of Vitamin D. Thus far, FDA believes the affected dog food has been produced by one contract manufacturer who makes dry dog food for several national brands. However, the name of the contract manufacturer has not yet been released. In order to ensure all affected dry dog food brands are…
After the mid-term election earlier this month, California made cage-free eggs a state law. With 62% of the votes, California voters overwhelmingly approved Proposition 12, also known as the Prevention of Cruelty to Farm Animals Act, which requires that all eggs sold in the state come from cage-free hens by 2022. Proposition 12 also bans the sale of pork and veal in California from farm animals raised in cages that do not meet new…