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Under the UK Data Protection Act 1998 (“DPA“), data subjects have rights to obtain copies of their personal information through a data subject access request (“DSAR“). Data subjects frequently use DSARs to obtain information in the context of non-data protection disputes with data controllers. There has been much controversy over this practice, particularly as the £10 maximum fee the data controller may charge dwarfs the cost of complying with the request. On 16 February 2017.…
Christian Bittar was a trader holding the position of Manager of a bank’s Money Markets Derivatives (MMD) desk in London during the relevant period. On 23 April 2015, the FCA published a Final Notice imposing a penalty on the bank for misconduct, including the attempted manipulation of the LIBOR and EURIBOR benchmarks (the Final Notice). Mr Bittar made a reference to the Upper Tribunal under s393(11) FSMA 2000, claiming that he had not been provided…