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In early December 2018, the Geo-Blocking Regulation 2018/302 (the Regulation) came into force across the EU, with the aim of creating a single digital market by banning unjustified geo-blocking (the blocking of access to websites to individuals based in certain territories) and other forms of discrimination based on customers’ nationality, place of residence or establishment within the market. The introduction of the Regulation may have a serious impact on how traders in the EU operate…
The European Court of Justice (“ECJ”) has provided an interesting decision in the recent case of Coty Germany GmbH (“Coty”) v Parfümerie Akzente GmbH (“Parfümerie Akzente”). The case confirms that luxury manufacturers can restrict sales of their products via online marketplaces, in order to preserve the luxury image of the goods.…
On 13 September 2017, the UK Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) published draft guidance on contracts and liabilities between controllers and processors under the GDPR. The draft guidance does not add substantial detail to the provisions of the GDPR but is a useful reminder of the key points. For example, it highlights the requirement for a written contract between the controller and any of its processors and summarises the provisions that the GDPR states must be…