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Les clauses de non-concurrence sont régulièrement utilisées tant dans le cadre de contrats commerciaux que dans le cadre de contrats d’emploi. Ces clauses pondèrent d’un côté les intérêts légitimes commerciaux de l’entreprise au droit notamment de l’employé de gagner sa vie. Elles sont donc une exception à la règle de la libre concurrence et, afin d’être légales et légitimes, se doivent d’être limitées raisonnablement quant au temps, au lieu et avoir un objet circonscrit. Lorsque…
In order to best protect the employer’s commercial interests and competitiveness, it is often crucial to include restrictive covenants in employment contracts. It is of equal importance to ensure that these covenants respect the limits established in the case law for them to be enforceable by the courts. Indeed, they may be deemed null and void if they are proven to be ambiguous or too broad. The question then becomes: what happens if an employer…
In order to meet their organizational needs, employers may need to relocate their employees’ workplace. However, relocating employees can be risky business for employers. The place of work is an important part of an employee’s working conditions. When employers make substantial changes to their employees’ working conditions, said employees can potentially claim that their original employment contract has been terminated. This is referred to as a “constructive dismissal”. When it comes to relocating an employee’s…
Alcoholism and drug addiction have been recognized as diseases pursuant to the definition of a “handicap” established within the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms.  Therefore, an employee suffering from limitations related to his or her addiction is afforded protection against discrimination guaranteed by the Quebec Charter in Article 10. What does it mean to accommodate an employee with a handicap in the workplace? The Supreme Court of Canada answered this question in 2008…