Law Office of Sara Kropf

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By Andrea L. Moseley The time to raise our hands and cast a vote in the general election is just a few short months away.  I am watching eagerly to see how DoJ proceeds with campaign election crime investigations and prosecutions arising from this election cycle.  I have been writing a series of blogs devoted to analyzing the defense and prosecution of so-called “Scam” PACs.  I am focused on this topic now because we are…
By: Sara Kropf One of the biggest questions on everyone’s mind right now is when a vaccine for COVID-19 will be ready. A related question is whether anyone will develop an effective treatment for it. In the United States, vaccines and new drug treatments are approved and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Private industry, the government, and research institutions are hard at work on a vaccine. Developing and properly testing a vaccine…
Blog Post by Andrea L. Moseley This week the Grand Jury Target authors want to make sure you read an article about the law of conspiracy that is hot off the press.  You do not want to miss this timely article that lays out valuable defense strategies against the government’s crushing ability to use the flexibility of conspiracy law to prosecute white-collar crime. The authors include  Sarah M. Hall,  an experienced former federal prosecutor and…
By Sara Kropf On May 15, 2020, President Trump fired the State Department Inspector General and replaced him with a new Inspector General who has close ties to Vice President Mike Pence. Steven Linick had been the head of the State Department’s Office of Inspector General (OIG) since 2013. Is that legal? Yes. Is it a political move? Yes. Are OIGs political? That’s an open question. We represent targets of OIG investigations all the time;…
By Sara Kropf A few weeks ago, I suggested that there were four options for Judge Emmet Sullivan related to the government’s motion to dismiss the charges against Michael Flynn. At the end of the post, a little tongue in cheek, I noted that “[m]aybe, in his wisdom, he’ll figure out Option #5 to solve all of these problems.” Turns out, that’s what Judge Sullivan did—sort of. On May 13, 2020, Judge Sullivan appointed an…
by Andrea Moseley One of the most difficult things to do as a white-collar criminal defense attorney is defend a client against allegations in an area of the law that is vague. This is especially true when the prosecution of certain types of crime have little history or precedent. Since the federal prosecution of Scam PACs is a relatively new trend, I want to share with you what I have learned defending these cases. The…
By Sara Kropf On May 7, 2020, the Department of Justice moved to dismiss the false statement charge against former Trump national security advisor Michael Flynn. This is a remarkable request for a couple of reasons. First, Flynn had already pleaded guilty to the crime. He stood in front of Judge Rudolph Contreras in December 2017 and admitted that he had committed this crime and that he was voluntarily pleading guilty to it. Indeed, he…
By Andrea Moseley Two weeks ago, I published the first installment in this blog series. This series focuses on parallels and differences between issues surrounding political fraud and COVID-19 fundraising fraud. In this series, I will continue to explore DoJ policies against campaign finance fraud, the history and development of PACs, DoJ focus on COVID-19 fraud, defending targets of these investigations, and sentencing guidelines issues relating to these types of fraud. This week, I break…
By Sara Kropf In Part 1 of this series, we outlined the standard that the Department of Justice follows to seek forfeiture of a criminal defense attorney’s fees. If DOJ seeks forfeiture of your fees, you could find out in the forfeiture count of an indictment against your client. More commonly, though, DOJ will send you a notification letter. Even DOJ’s guidelines say that this happens “only in extraordinary cases.” (Justice Manual § 9-120.111). But…
By Andrea Moseley Both Scam PACs and COVID-19 fundraising are currently rife with opportunities for fraud.  These groups labeled “scam PACs” purportedly raise money for political causes but instead, direct the money they receive from donors elsewhere.  With the 2020 presidential election just around the corner and with increasing anxieties over the spread of COVID-19, requests for donations to advance both sets of causes are widespread and intensifying.  Recently, the U.S. Department of Justice has…