Artificial Intelligence Law Blog

Artificial Intelligence | Robotics | Autonomous Transportation Systems

Latest from Artificial Intelligence Law Blog

FDA continues to be active in emphasizing the importance of artificial intelligence in health care. Now, FDA has committed to a program of creating a knowledgeable, sustainable, and agile data science workforce ready to review and approve devices based on artificial intelligence. In April of last year, FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb, in discussing the transformation of FDA’s approach to digital health, stated that one of the most promising digital health tools is Artificial Intelligence…
  Apple was recently granted a patent (10,189,434) for an augmented safety restraint. Say that again? Yes, with the rise of autonomous vehicles comes the need for changes in the safety devices placed within these vehicles. If you are wondering why this is an important patent, you are probably not alone. Currently, the states that have addressed the use of autonomous vehicles have done so with little emphasis (if any) on the safety…
A recently published article in Nature Medicine authored by Eric Topol, M.D., Department of Molecular Medicine, Scripps Research Institute, suggests that the convergence of human and artificial intelligence can lead to “high-performance medicine.”  High performance medicine he says, will be data driven.  The development of software that can process massive amounts of information quickly and accurately, as well as less expensively, will lay the foundation for this hybrid practice of medicine.  It will not…
As we discussed in our January 8 post, federal, state, and local agencies are struggling with the lack of uniform standards governing the development and testing of autonomous vehicles. A recent report prepared for Uber Advanced Technologies Group by RAND Corporation, Measuring Automated Vehicle Safety: Forging a Framework, attempted to create a framework measuring safety in Autonomous Vehicles (AV). The report’s authors considered how to define safety for AVs, how to measure their safety, and…
Yesterday, at CES 2019 in Las Vegas, it was announced that top auto makers have united to form Partners for Automated Vehicle Education (PAVE).  PAVE’s mission is to educate “policymakers and the public about automated vehicles and the increased safety, mobility and sustainability they can bring.” Current members include Toyota, General Motors, WAYMO, Audi, National Safety Council, and SAE International. As autonomous vehicles are becoming more prevalent on U.S. roads, questions and fears…
  Advancing autonomous vehicles to widespread use requires significant testing, and if that testing is performed in real world conditions, safety of third parties must be an ongoing and evolving paramount concern. The March 2018 crash of an Uber Advanced Technologies Group (UATG) autonomous vehicle in Arizona resulted in the death of a pedestrian.  Local and federal findings included that the sole human back-up driver was inattentive immediately prior to the accident and that vehicle’s…
This post will explain why corporate directors should keep abreast of AI concepts to effectively fulfill their fiduciary duties. Introduction to AI In the context of this post, let’s define AI as the use by computer and machine devices of characteristics commonly associated with human intelligence, including reasoning and learning.  Through algorithms, machine learning, or even deep learning, the devices process significant amounts of data to detect patterns, solve problems, or to provide additional data for…
On December 11, 2018, Lyft was granted a patent by the United States Patent and Trademark Offices for an Autonomous Vehicle Notification System (Patent No. US 10,152,892 B2).  The System is designed with several functions, one of which produces a “talking car.”  Talking in the sense of the ability to flash notifications to people outside the vehicle with information such as “safe to cross” (for individuals on foot) or “safe to pass” (for…
FDA is taking steps to embrace and enhance innovation in the field of artificial intelligence. It has already permitted the marketing of an AI-based medical device (IDx-DR) to detect certain diabetes-related eye problems, a type of computer-aided detection and diagnosis software designed to detect wrist fractures in adults (OsteoDetect), and most recently, a platform that includes predictive monitoring for moderate to high-risk surgical patients (HemoSphere). FDA also embraced several AI-based products in late November when…
The Autonomous Vehicle Legislative Survey provides a description of latest actions (regulations, executive orders, committee investigations, or the like) regarding autonomous vehicles taken by each U.S. state and territory. The survey also includes analysis of how the position of each state compares to other states. The survey is meant to be an evolving document.  It will be updated quarterly by its authors, Jodi Dyan Oley, Monakee D. Marseille,  and Karen O. Moury of…