Non-Compete and Trade Secrets Report

Developments in Protecting Business Against Unfair Competition

In the midst of a federal effort to ramp up antitrust prosecutions of companies agreeing not to recruit or hire each other’s employees (see previous articles dated November 9, 2016, January 25, 2018, April 25, 2018 and July 17, 2018), special scrutiny – and criticism – has been directed toward the use of no-poach agreements in the franchise industry.  State Attorneys General now lead the fight to limit the practice, and early…
Answering a question left from a previous appeal in the same case, a divided panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has concluded that a settlement agreement provision between a physician and his former employer, the California Emergency Physicians Medical Group (“CEP”), constituted a “restraint of a substantial character” on the physician’s medical practice and therefore violated California’s non-compete provision, Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 16600. As a result, the…
Just before midnight on July 31, 2018, the last day of its legislative session, the Massachusetts Legislature passed a significant bill regulating the use of non-compete agreements in the Commonwealth.  Today, August 10, 2018, Governor Charlie Baker signed that bill into law. In an article dated August 1, 2018, we examined the key aspects of the new law.  We identified certain issues with the law that might lead to inconsistent enforcement by the courts…
Just before midnight on July 31, 2018, the Massachusetts Legislature passed a bill regulating the use of non-compete agreements in the Commonwealth. This development is a long time coming, as the Legislature had been attempting for nearly a decade to create a non-compete law. In an article posted on our website on August 1, 2018, Erik Winton (Boston) and Colin Thakkar (Jacksonville) examine the details of the non-compete act, which is set to take effect on October 1,…
As we have reported in previous articles, the Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division has repeatedly reaffirmed its intent to criminally prosecute companies that restrict labor market competition through the use of unlawful no-poach and wage-fixing agreements. On May 17, 2018, a high-ranking Division official offered further guidance by announcing that the Division is taking a heightened look at unlawful no-poach agreements and other antitrust violations in the healthcare industry. Antitrust Enforcement Policy In The Trump…
On April 3, 2018, the Department of Justice’s Antitrust Division settled an antitrust action against the world’s two largest rail equipment suppliers, accusing them of maintaining “naked” no-poaching agreements in violation of the Sherman Act (see Complaint and Consent Decree). Although the civil enforcement action falls short of the agency’s recently-stated inclination to criminally prosecute such agreements, a closer review of the circumstances offers some insight to the agency’s strategies with respect to both…
On April 20, 2018, Jackson Lewis published an article entitled, “Brazilian Labor Courts Continue to Emphasize Importance of Non-Compete Clause Limitations,” by John Sander and Maya Atrakchi in the New York City office.  John currently serves as Chairman of L&E Global, a global alliance of premier employer’s counsel firms.  Our colleague Gabriela Lima Arantes at the Brazil law firm Tozzini Freire, a member of L&E Global, co-authored this article.  Through L&E Global, Jackson Lewis can…
This Blog has previously covered the six non-compete bills that were introduced in the Massachusetts Legislature in 2017 (See articles dated December 27, 2017, and March 2, 2018). On April 17, 2018, the Joint Committee on Labor and Workforce Development submitted a revised bill, House Bill 4419 (“H 4419”), in place of the prior bills.  Through this action, the Joint Committee has taken a significant step toward the finish line regarding proposed non-compete…
In the past week, two states have made modifications to their respective non-compete laws. On March 27, 2018, Utah imposed special restrictions on the use of non-compete agreements in the broadcasting industry.  One day later, Idaho modified the standard of proof that must be followed when a company seeks an injunction against a former employee or independent contractor who is violating a non-compete covenant. Utah Restricts Use Of Non-Competes In Broadcasting Industry On March 27,…
On December 27, 2017, we wrote about the Massachusetts Legislature’s efforts to regulate the use of non-compete agreements, including three bills that sought to require post-separation “garden leave” payments to former employees while they were restricted from engaging in competitive activities. Less than one month later, news reports suggested that negotiators in the Joint Committee on Labor and Workforce Development were nearing a compromise deal. In an article posted on our website on March 2,…