Keith B. Letourneau ● In 1989, the tanker Exxon Valdez grounded on Bligh Reef, Alaska resulting in the spill of more than 11 million gallons of oil into Prince William Sound. The resulting ecological disaster galvanized Congress to enact the Oil Pollution

Keith B. Letourneau ● Ordinarily, over 36,000 merchant ships pass through the Suez and Panama Canals each year representing about 30 percent of the world’s merchant fleet tonnage. This year, both canals face extraordinary events beyond their control, which are affecting