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“Appraisal after Dell” by Professor Guhan Subramanian has been published in the book “The Corporate Contract in Changing Times: Is the Law Keeping up?”  While the book covers a number of topics in recent corporate law, including challenges to Delaware primacy, activism, and disclosure-only settlements with respect to mergers, it also covers the oft-changing world of appraisal via Professor Subramanian’s article.  In “Appraisal after Dell” the Professor argues that Dell and other recent cases have…
JDSupra has published an article discussing recent valuation issues in five states: Louisiana, Georgia, West Virginia, Alaska, and Pennsylvania. While each decision covered is worth discussion in its own right, a comparative analysis of this kind lends itself to highlighting the similarities and differences between the states.  In particular, how (and if) each state applies various discounts, including discounts for lack of marketability and minority discounts varies.  Thus, as an example, the Louisiana case highlighted…
In late March, Michigan Law hosted Professor Hidefusa Iida to discuss appraisal rights in Japan.  Professor Iida previously published on appraisal rights in Japan, including in a 2014 article “Reappraising the Role of Appraisal Remedy.” The basics of Japanese appraisal, from Professor Iida’s article and this analysis, are similar to Delaware. Shareholders who dissent from certain major corporate actions, in particular, mergers, can – as in Delaware – demand ‘appraisal’ of their shares, meaning…
Business divorce can arise in any privately owned business, often without warning. These can be divisive, long-lasting and expensive—straining both stakeholders and the business. The business valuator must carefully scrutinize the characteristics in the interest being valued to determine stakeholder equity. This includes reviewing business information and assessing equity risk in order to produce a value conclusion addressing those risk factors. Discounts may apply in some situations. Valuation discounts are essentially the difference between fair…
As we have noted repeatedly, appraisal is a shareholder-protective remedy.  While much of the academic and media commentary on appraisal focuses on Delaware and appraisal in the context of large public mergers, appraisal exists beyond Delaware, and in contexts far removed from headline making mergers. For example, in New York, appraisal rights are afforded to minority members of an LLC when they are involuntarily cashed out of their LLC – often referred to as a…