A transmission of interest in shares of a company, of a deceased member of the company, made by the legal representative of a deceased member shall be considered as transmission of shares by operation of law. This transmission will be registered by a company in the Register of Members’

1. Person eligible to apply for transmission:

The survivors in case of joint holding can get the shares transmitted in their names by production of the death certificate of the deceased holder of shares. In other words in case of joint holding, the survivor or survivors shall only be entitled for registration and the legal heir of the deceased member shall have no right or claims.

2. Share transfer deed not required for Transmission:

Execution of transfer deed not required in case of transmission of shares. Intimation/application of Transmission accompanied with relevant documents would be enough for valid transmission request.

3. Documents required for Transmission of Shares:

In case of transmission of shares by operation of law- A simple application to the company by a legal representative along with the following necessary evidences is sufficient:—

  • Certified copy of death certificate;
  • Succession certificate;
  • *Probate;
  • Specimen signature of the successor.


Probate: If a member of a company dies and he leaves after him a will or letter of administration then the survivors shall get a copy of ‘will’ certified under the seal of a Court of competent jurisdiction. The certified copy of the will is called a ‘probate’. Succession certificate is not required when probate or letter of administration is issued.

  1. In the case of a transmission of shares, shares continue to be subject to the original liabilities, and if there was any lien on the shares for any sums due, the lien would subsist, notwithstanding the devaluation of the shares.

  2. On transmission is by operation of law, payment of consideration or payment of stamp duty would not be required on instruments for transmission.


Generally articles contain the detailed provisions as regards the procedure for transmission of shares. Usually following steps shall be followed in order to give effect to the transmission of shares:—

  1. The survivor in case of joint holding or legal heir, as the case may be, who want transmission by operation of law in his/her favour, shall file a simple application with the Company with relevant documents such as death certificate, succession certificate, probate, etc., depending upon various circumstances may be considers necessary for transmission by the Company.

  2. The company records the particulars of the death certificate and a reference number of recording entry is given to the shareholder so as to enable him to quote such number in all future correspondence with the company.

  3. The company review and verify the documents submitted with transmission request. In case all the documents are in order, company shall approve the transmission request and register the shares in the name of the survivor or legal heir as the case may be.

  4. However in case documents submitted with transmission request are not in order and it is the case of refusal, company shall within thirty (30) days, from the date on which the intimation of transmission is delivered to the company, communicate refusal to the concerned person.

  5. Dividend declared before the death of the shareholder will be payable to legal representative but dividend declared after the death of a member can be paid to him only after registration of his name and till that period it has to be kept in abeyance.

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