Private Client

A Cyril Amarchand Mangaldas Blog

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In recent years, the issue of corporate governance in India has been a hot topic of discussion. As India Inc. has grown by leaps and bounds, corporate India’s attention has evolved from simple ‘management’ to ‘governance’, and now ‘effective governance’. Given the unique challenges that India Inc. faces due to the predominance of family run businesses, there is a pressing need to move from the ‘Raja’ and ‘Praja’ model of governance (wherein the self-interests of…
Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime. –  Anonymous Philanthropists the world over have been inspired by this simple but powerful statement, and have evolved from undertaking traditional notions of charity to philanthropy and now more recently, towards impact investing. Impact investing bridges the gap between pure charity and donations for social, environmental and other causes, and pure…
Pic: Vedic “Theorama” Series, painted by M. F. Hussain The issue of succession equality and rights for women has been extremely important and perhaps controversial in recent times. However, it is very heartening to see that our Indian Courts have continued to adopt a pro-women approach in a number of legal aspects, one of the most important of which is in relation to ancestral properties. In a landmark decision, the Supreme Court of India (SC)…
 A Will differs from contracts and other executed documents in one important aspect. Unlike other documents, a Will only takes effect from the death of the person who has made it (called the testator). The testator’s testimony is not available to determine whether the Will is valid and whether it constitutes the testator’s true intentions. Thus, the validation and interpretation of a Will is rather unique for the significance of surrounding circumstances, and the identity…
Through its historic ruling delivered by a five-judge bench in the case of Shayara Bano and Ors v. Union of India on August 22nd 2017, the Supreme Court of India (SC) liberated Muslim women from the perpetual fear of arbitrary and whimsical divorce. The SC banned the regressive practice of instant ‘triple talaq’, which allowed Muslim men to unilaterally end their marriages simply by uttering the word “talaq” thrice without making any provision for maintenance…
People die. That is something beyond our control. But what we can master is our succession planning. One challenge that family members face after the demise of their loved one is the recovery of their property from banks – what is rightfully theirs (hopefully). The deceased family member would inevitably have opened various bank accounts and have at least some basic financial assets. Although succession to these should be straightforward, in many cases heirs are…
Over the past few years, many Indian business families have established estate planning structures, many of which comprise one or more family trusts. The main driver for these structures would have been tax driven considerations. Under the recent Finance Bill, 2017 (Finance Bill), there was a key amendment proposed to the Income-tax Act, 1961 (IT Act), which if passed would have had a significant impact on existing and future estate planning structures – by way…
A Will is one of the most frequently used tools in the process of succession planning. A Will is made by testators at the appropriate stage(s) of their life, and usually benefits family. However, a fear that looms large in their mind is the risk that someone may challenge the Will, causing it to get stuck in the labyrinth of the Indian court system. This fear is likely to be more acute when the testator…
On February 1st, 2017, the Indian Finance Minister, Mr. Arun Jaitley, presented the Government of India’s annual financial statement for 2017-18, commonly referred to as the Union Budget. As is tradition, the Budget was accompanied by proposals to amend the direct tax regime contained in the Indian Income-tax Act, 1961 (IT Act). Two proposed amendments, in particular, will cause considerable angst to estate practitioners across the country as they are likely to have a significant…
Recently, a Division Bench[1] of the Bombay High Court hopefully settled the controversy regarding the rights of legal heirs as opposed to nominees. The Court held that the rights of legal heirs supersede the rights of the nominee of a shareholder. The controversy arose with two Single Bench Bombay High Court judgments: Harsha Kokate v. The Saraswat Co-operative Bank Limited[2] (Kokate case) and J. J. Salgaonkar v. J.J. Salgaonkar[3] (Salgaonkar case). In…